What is the cause of bladder cancer?

Our bladder is a hollow muscular organ that stores urine in the lower abdomen. Bladder cancer commonly occurs when the bladder’s urothelial cells (found in the kidney and ureters as well) grow uncontrollably. This abnormal growth is also possible in kidneys and ureters but is most commonly seen in the bladder. The good news is, most bladder cancer cases are curable. They are often diagnosed at an early stage due to the obvious symptoms. But in certain cases, even after successful treatment, cancer can return. Hence, the patients must do a follow-up check every few years so that cancer doesn’t return with a vengeance. But nowadays, there are many advanced technologies available for bladder cancer treatment in Dubai, provided you opt for an early diagnosis. It will lead to faster treatment and recovery to avoid any major health grievances. However, choose to act fast so that the condition doesn’t exceed beyond control.

What are the causes and symptoms of bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer begins when mutations (in the DNA) develop in the bladder cells. The cell’s DNA changes charge them to overgrow while killing the healthy cells in the process. The abnormal cells in the tumor will eventually destroy the healthy cells in the normal body tissue and spread (metastasize) through the body.

People are often diagnosed with bladder cancer when they suffer from gross hematuria (enough blood in the urine to be visible). Certain symptoms can be the result of other abnormalities in the body. However, these are the common symptoms associated with bladder cancer.

 

  • Excessive back pain in only one side
  • Frequent need to urinate but unable to pass the urine
  • Urinating frequently throughout the night
  • Uncontrollable urination everyday
  • Burning sensation or extreme pain during urination
  • Blood or visible blood clots in the urine

However, an early treatment for Bladder cancer can help you recover fast from the pain. Just make sure to go for the best clinic in Dubai to make the entire process hassle-free.

What are the different types of bladder cancer?

There are different types of cancerous cells in a body. So, we can get different types of bladder cancer.  Sometimes, it could be the result of different types of cancerous cells altogether. Basically, there are three different kinds of bladder cancer-

Adenocarcinoma– When the cells of the mucus-secreting glands start the rarely found Adenocarcinoma of the bladder, this type of bladder cancer occurs.

Squamous cell Carcinoma-It occurs due to long-time usage of urinary catheters or chronic infection of the bladder. It is rare in western countries and is often found in parts of the world where certain parasites like schistosomiasis cause infection.

Urothelial Carcinoma– It is also called transitional cell carcinoma. It occurs inside the bladder. It is the most commonly found cancer. The urothelial cells are also responsible for causing cancer n the ureters and kidneys.

How is bladder cancer treated?

Depending on the stage and type of bladder cancer, your overall health, and symptoms, your treatment plan can be as follows.

Treatment for stage 0 and stage 1

At this stage, immunotherapy can help in which medications make the immune system attack the cancerous cells. Chemotherapy or surgery is also used to remove the tumor from the bladder.

Treatment for stage 2 and stage 3

The first choice is Chemotherapy along with the removal of a part of the bladder doing Radical cystectomy or removal of the entire bladder. Surgery is done to make a new way for the urine to exit.

To prevent cancer from re-occurring, the remaining cancer cells are killed by various means followed by any major surgery. The oncologists in Dubai suggest shrinking the tumor before surgery or treat bladder cancer when surgery isn’t an option such as immunotherapy, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.

Treatment for stage 4 bladder cancer

The patients are put through clinical trial drugs and chemotherapy followed by surgery. This will at least relieve the symptoms and make life less difficult.

A new pathway for urine excretion along with the removal of the surrounding lymph nodes and radical cystectomy can also be done. But to eradicate remaining cancer cells, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy are prescribed.

The accurate reason for bladder cancer is yet to be discovered. However, it is preventable and curable in most cases. Avoiding carcinogenic chemicals, smoking, and drinking plenty of water can avoid bladder cancer.  You will get some of the best facilities for Bladder Cancer Treatment in Dubai. By opting for a treatment plan as soon as possible, you cut out the risk of any major surgery or extensive rows of chemotherapy sessions. As soon as you see any symptoms, it is always better to seek medical guidance.

Frequently Asked Questions

Smoking can be one of the biggest causatives of bladder cancer in men. Some of the other factors that put you in a high-risk zone are-

  • Being a male (especially white males)
  • Low fluid consumption and a high-fat diet
  • Chronic bladder infections and family history of bladder cancer
  • Old age (especially above age 55)
  • Record of previous treatment with drug Cytoxan during chemotherapy
  • Past cases of radiation therapy in the pelvic region

There are multiple ways to diagnosis Bladder Cancer. Treatment centers in Dubai can go for any of the following options-

  • Internal analysis where the doctor inserts gloved fingers into the rectum to feel any lumps. This will indicate any cancerous growth.
  • A biopsy by taking sale tissues from the urethra through a tube to test for cancer
  • A cystoscopy where a tubular camera is inserted through the urethra to examine the bladder
  • X- rays and CT scan to view the bladder
  • A urinalysis and an intravenous pylogram (IVP)

The tumor sample taken in biopsy can help the examiner identify the grade and the stage of cancer. These are the different stage of cancer-

  • Ta: The tumor doesn’t penetrate the bladder layers but lies o the surface
  • Tis: A high-grade but flat-looking cancer called Carcinoma in situ (CIS). It lies on the bladder lining in a reddish velvety pouch.
  • T1:  Tumor penetrates the second layer but not the muscle layer.
  • T2:  Tumor reaches the muscle layer of the bladder
  • T3: Tumor passes the muscle layer to the surrounding tissues, usually the fat layer
  • T4: Tumor reaches the surrounding structures like prostate in men