Understanding Skin Pigmentation
Pigmentation means colouring. Skin pigmentation is a medical condition resulting in discoloured patches on the skin. Melanin is the pigment responsible for our skin colour. Various factors like age, medical conditions, and sun effects lead to damage or affection of the cells, causing melanin production. This leads to irregular melanin production over the skin, also called hyperpigmentation.
Skin pigmentation can be either hypopigmentation when the body decreases the supply of melanin or hyperpigmentation when the body increases the supply of melanin.
Our skin contains melanocyte cells that produce melanin. Melanin gives our skin its colour. Whenever melanin is produced in excessive amounts, it leads to hyperpigmented skin. This results in freckles and dark spots on the skin. The root cause of the pigmentation is due to the internal factors of the body like hormones and pregnancy. External factors like burning, chemicals, ultraviolet rays, stress, and dietary issues also cause skin pigmentation.
Types of Hyper Skin Pigmentation
Before you plan for your Hyperpigmentation treatment in Dubai, it is essential to understand the type of it you have on your body. There are several types of Hyper Skin Pigmentation. The most common of them are:
These brown or grey patches appear on the cheeks, forehead, nose, and chin. Ultraviolet radiation, prolonged exposure to regular sunlight, and hormonal changes are the leading causes of melasma.
They occur due to sun damage and are also called solar lentigines. They appear as small, darkened spots on the face, hands, neck, and other areas exposed to the sun.
It is a pigmentation that follows injury or inflammation of the skin. The hyperpigmentation patches are located at the original disease site after it has healed and consist of light brown to black lesions that become darker on exposure to sunlight.
Common Causes of Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation may occur owing to a variety of causes. The most common reasons are:
Sunlight triggers the production of melanin that leads to the colour of our skins in the first place. But excess sun exposure without adequate sunscreen can cause oxidative stress and disrupt melanin production leading to hyperpigmentation.
Medical conditions like Addison disease, a progressive hyperfunctioning of the adrenal cortex, hemochromatosis, a genetic disorder characterized by excess iron accumulation, and primary biliary cholangitis, an autoimmune liver disorder, can lead to diffuse hyperpigmentation.
Physical, Chemical injuries and Medications
Also called post-inflammatory pigmentation, a pigmentation occurs after an injury or inflammation to the skin because of cuts or burns. It is more common in dark-skinned people. Post-inflammatory inflammation can also result from antimalarial medications, clofazimine, and tetracycline.
Exposure to Radiation
Exposure to radiation post-radiation therapy or cancer treatment causes skin dryness and weakness of the skin barrier. This causes itchiness and a sun-burned effect leading to red spots followed by hyperpigmentation.
After reacting to allergens, the skin can cause hives, scaly patches, and eczema. This can be painful and itchy and lead to blisters on the skin leading to spots and hyperpigmentation. Occasionally reactions to cosmetics and contact dermatitis can also cause allergic reactions, resulting in hyperpigmentation.
Now it’s time to know about various options available for Hyperpigmentation treatment in Dubai:
Skin Pigmentation Treatment in Dubai
Skin Pigmentation Treatment reduces or eliminates your hyperpigmentation spots, providing you with clearer, younger-looking, healthier skin and cosmetically enables you to live a blemish-free, confident life. You can look for the following options for pigmentation treatment in Dubai:
To prevent oxidative stress, oral medications are frequently advised for hyperpigmentation treatment in Dubai. Antioxidant tablets provide the skin with a uniform look and a healthy glow. Sunscreen tablets are also available in some places, along with Vitamin C tablets for blemish-free skin.
Topical Applications consist of Retinoids, Topical Sunscreens, and Lightening Creams. These topical applications aim to treat pigmentation, lighten skin spots, and protect the melanin affected by UV radiation. Apart from these topical treatments, exfoliating polishes is another effective way of dealing with hyperpigmentation. They are used to exfoliate the skin to remove the dead cells and clean the clogged pores to enable healthier skin and prevent acne breakouts in the future.
In-Clinic Treatments involve deep cleaning the skin and working on its deeper layers to heal it. Under it, you will get three different options for Hyperpigmentation treatment in Dubai, such as:
Chemical peels use chemicals like alpha-hydroxy acid, glycolic acid, and trichloroacetic acid to effectively clean the skin. Depending on the level of damage, chemical peels can be either light, moderate or deep-skinned treatments. Chemical peels work in exfoliating the dead skin cells to reduce hyperpigmentation and provide healthier skin.
Microdermabrasion and Microneedling
Microdermabrasion is a minimally invasive procedure performed by an experienced dermatologist. It involves removing the epidermis layer of the skin through a machine to enable the growth of clearer skin. This type of skin pigmentation treatment in Dubai requires multiple sessions to achieve the required results. Microneedling involves using fine needles to make various punctures on the skin. Microneedling aims to force the body to heal the punctured spots and, in the process, clear the hyperpigmentation.
Laser Peels and IPL Treatments
Laser Peels use laser lights to affect the pigmented areas on the skin. The laser wavelengths destroy the dead cells along with reducing hyperpigmentation. Laser Peels are a quick, effective way of dealing with hyperpigmentation. They have very little downtime with minimal side effects. Depending on your severity of hyperpigmentation, the number of laser sessions required for you is decided by your dermatologist.
IPl treatments are laser treatments used to lessen the hyperpigmented spots on your skin. IPL treatments use multiple wavelengths of light to target the different layers of skin, resulting in ineffective removal of the dark spots. It also works on collagen fibres to enable healthier, more elastic skin.
Apart from IPl, Fraxel laser and Pico lasers are other treatments to help weak hyperpigmented spots.
Ideal Candidates for Hyperpigmentation Treatment in Dubai
The perfect candidate for Hyperpigmentation Treatment in Dubai must:
- Be between 30- 50 years of age along with having regular to slightly oily skin.
- Should have pigmentations, signs of sun damage, and age-related spots on exposed parts of the body like the face and neck
- Should be willing to abstain from smoking during the procedures
- Should have realistic expectations from the procedures
- Be willing to follow the physician’s advice with proper post-treatment care
- Should have tried other methods of pigmentation treatment in Dubai without any satisfactory result
Pre- and Post-Surgery Modalities
Before the laser treatments, you are first clinically assessed in the clinic with a detailed examination of your skin and the pigmented areas. The dermatologist can advise diagnostic tests like biopsies to rule out cancerous lesions. It is essential to provide a detailed history of your medical conditions with any pre-existing allergic conditions.
You must avoid sun exposure and tanning beds for at least 3-4 weeks before the treatment. Before the procedure, if needed, the affected area will be shaved for better penetration of the laser rays. The procedure starts with applying a numbing cream or topical anaesthetics on the lasered area. You will be asked to wear loose-fitting, comfortable garments during the procedure and protective eyewear to prevent the laser light from damaging your eyes. The treatment itself might take 15minutes- 40 minutes.
Post-treatment, there will be inflammation, redness, occasional irritation, and blistering on the lasered area. A whitish-grey discolouration may occur on your skin surface, and there will be peeling of the skin a few days after the treatment. It will take 4-6 weeks to notice the changes produced by laser treatment.
Benefits of Pigmentation Treatment in Dubai
Here are some benefits of going for an ideal skin pigmentation treatment in Dubai:
- They result in blemish-free skin.
- They help in the treatment of scar marks resulting from accidents or injury.
- They work on the deeper collagen levels of the skin and strengthen the collagen bonds, resulting in younger-looking and supple skin.
- They reduce the effects of sun damage on the skin and prevent possible carcinogenic damage from sun and heat effects.
- They boost the person’s self-esteem undergoing the treatment and thus improve his chances of a better quality of life.
Recovery and Results
Irrespective of the clinic you visit for skin pigmentation treatment in Dubai, expect some post-treatment discomforts. The discomfort can be lessened by regularly using ice packs and cold compresses over the inflammatory areas. Pain killers can relieve the pain and discomfort associated with the laser to a great extent. It is also essential to avoid heavy physical work and avoid picking at the scabs and blisters but allow them to heal naturally.
No matter what kind of skin pigmentation treatment in Dubai you choose, it will take multiple sessions of the laser treatments spaced at intervals of a few weeks between each session to notice satisfactory results. But after 3-4 months, you will see a visible decrease in the pigmentation along with healthier, clearer-looking, even skin. Maintaining the results by regular application of sunscreens and skin-lightening serums will enable the results to be maintained for a long time.
Frequently Asked Questions
Chemical Peels are one of the best treatment options for pigmentation. Over-the-counter medication and retinoids are practical measures, but they take time and work on localized spots. Chemical peels use more robust solutions because they penetrate the skin more deeply, resulting in a dramatic removal of pigmentations.
Pigmentation can be removed effectively through lasers like Fraxel laser and Pico laser that are highly effective for sun damage and give the skin a healthy new look. But it is essential to maintain the effects to prevent the pigmentation from recurring. That can be done by regular application of sunscreens and pigmentation preventing serums which help keep the skin healthy and clear for a more extended period. You can know more about any such skin pigmentation treatment in Dubai by visiting Bizrahmed with ease.
Dermatological procedures have been proved to be quick and effective ways of getting rid of pigmentation compared to creams and medications. Procedures like chemical peels, microdermabrasion, laser, and dermabrasions help fast and effective treatment of hyperpigmentation and give the skin a healthy look.
Yes, dermatologists are medically certified to treat hyperpigmentation. They start the treatment with OTC treatments like hydroquinone, arbutin, and n-acetyl glucosamine. If these medications don't help, they suggest more aggressive measures like peels, dermabrasions, and lasers.
Creams and over-the-counter medications are economical ways of pigment removal. Chemical peels and other laser procedures are much more expensive. The follow-up treatments and additional laser sessions with the practitioner's fees can add up to the cost of the treatment. These variables decide the price. Therefore, it is challenging to ascertain a particular quote. In this regard, you can discuss your skin pigmentation treatment in Dubai with any of the doctors at Bizrahmed to receive an approximate quote.
Pigmented lesions after laser treatments do not come back. But if you don't take proper care of your skin post laser treatments, new pigmentation spots due to age, UV radiation, and effects of hormonal changes may appear on the skin.
Depending on the level of skin damage, pigmentation solutions can be either for superficial, moderate, or deep levels of cleansing. They involve applying and absorbing effective products to heal the effects caused by aging, sun damage, and other lightening blemishes. It also targets the hyperpigmentation spots to help in a uniform skin tone.
It depends on the type of hyperpigmentation about the time it took for it to fade. Superficial hyperpigmentation spots without any treatment can fade in 3-9 months. Deep hyperpigmentation spots with the best Hyperpigmentation treatment in Dubai may fade but not get completely eradicated. Even the fading process may take quite a number of months to take effect with deep pigmentation.
Dermatologists recommend prescription-strength hydroquinone to be used in itself or in combination with other products as the main method of getting rid of hyperpigmentation. Glycolic acid peels are one of the most recommended peels by dermatologists for removing superficial scarring. Treatments containing Vitamin C are another important dermatologist recommendation for hyperpigmentation.
Chemical peels and other less aggressive treatments like Pico lasers require 3-4 sessions spaced at an interval of a few weeks between each laser to remove the hyperpigmentation. Usually, laser treatments for removing hyperpigmentation on the face require three sessions, but for the removal of pigmentations from the body, at least five sessions are needed. Make sure to ask about these details to your doctor while visiting for Hyperpigmentation treatment in Dubai.