Our skin contains melanocyte cells that produce melanin. Melanin gives our skin its color. Whenever melanin is produced in excessive amounts, it leads to hyper pigmented skin. This results in freckles and dark spots on the skin.
The root cause of the pigmentation is due to the internal factors of the body like hormones and pregnancy. External factors like burning, chemicals, ultraviolet rays, stress and dietary issues also cause skin pigmentation.
There are several medical treatment options available for pigmentation, depending on skin type.
- Chemical peels
- Intense pulsed light (IPL)
- Laser resurfacing